Terraform-recipe-How-to-create-AWS-ElasticSearch-cluster
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How to create an AWS ElasticSearch cluster using Terraform

This article continues Terraform cloud automation topic. And from this recipe, you’ll learn how to create hight-available AWS ElasticSearch (more recently known as Amazon OpenSearch Service) cluster deployment in VPC across 3 Availability Zones. We’ll be using Terraform to demonstrate the automation examples.

Introduction

Amazon Elasticsearch Service is an AWS and fully managed service that makes it easy to deploy, operate, and scale Elasticsearch clusters within the AWS cloud, whether a public or private cloud. With AWS Elasticsearch service, you can create AWS Elasticsearch architecture that suits your application needs through the AWS Management Console. With AWS Elasticsearch Services, it has seamless data ingestion; time is saved for monitoring, software patching, backup, failure recovery, and many more benefits that the customers can use.

The Elasticsearch software offers a direct access to popular open-source search and analytics engine for the following use cases:

  • Perform interactive log analytics. Offering an architecture that integrates with other AWS services
  • Real-time application monitoring and website search
  • Clickstream analysis. With virtual private cloud, AWS IOT and it’s advanced data structure, users can efficiently organize and store vast amounts of data. Elasticsearch comes with a specialized data visualization tool that enables users to understand customer behavior and trends better.

Common resources

Here are some common Terraform resources which we’ll be using in this deployment:

variable "region" {
  type = string
  description = "AWS Region, where to deploy ELK cluster.
  default = "us-east-1"
}
locals {
  common_prefix = "demo"
  elk_domain = "${local.common_prefix}-elk-domain"
}
data "aws_region" "current" {}
data "aws_caller_identity" "current" {}
data "aws_availability_zones" "available" {
  state = "available"
}
provider "aws" {
  region = var.region
}

VPC Configuration

To simplify deployment, I decided to deploy an ElasticSearch example in its dedicated VPC. Here’s a VPC configuration with the following characteristics:

  • 3 Availability Zones.
  • 6 subnets (3 public, 3 nated).
Terraform-recipe-Elasticsearch-VPC
resource "aws_vpc" "demo" {
  cidr_block       = "10.0.0.0/16"
  enable_dns_hostnames = true
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-vpc"
  }
}
resource "aws_subnet" "public_1" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.demo.id
  cidr_block = cidrsubnet(aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block, 8, 0)
  availability_zone = data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[0]
  map_public_ip_on_launch = true
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-public-subnet-${data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[0]}"
  }
}
resource "aws_subnet" "public_2" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.demo.id
  cidr_block = cidrsubnet(aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block, 8, 1)
  availability_zone = data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[1]
  map_public_ip_on_launch = true
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-public-subnet-${data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[1]}"
  }
}
resource "aws_subnet" "public_3" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.demo.id
  cidr_block = cidrsubnet(aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block, 8, 2)
  availability_zone = data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[2]
  map_public_ip_on_launch = true
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-public-subnet-${data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[2]}"
  }
}
resource "aws_internet_gateway" "demo" {
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.demo.id
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-igw"
  }
}
resource "aws_route_table" "public" {
    vpc_id = aws_vpc.demo.id
    route {
        cidr_block = "0.0.0.0/0"
        gateway_id = aws_internet_gateway.demo.id
    }
    tags = {
        Name = "${local.common_prefix}-public-rt"
    }
}
resource "aws_route_table_association" "public_1" {
    subnet_id = aws_subnet.public_1.id
    route_table_id = aws_route_table.public.id
}
resource "aws_route_table_association" "public_2" {
    subnet_id = aws_subnet.public_2.id
    route_table_id = aws_route_table.public.id
}
resource "aws_route_table_association" "public_3" {
    subnet_id = aws_subnet.public_3.id
    route_table_id = aws_route_table.public.id
}
resource "aws_subnet" "nated_1" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.demo.id
  cidr_block = cidrsubnet(aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block, 8, 3)
  availability_zone = data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[0]
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-nated-subnet-${data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[0]}"
  }
}
resource "aws_subnet" "nated_2" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.demo.id
  cidr_block = cidrsubnet(aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block, 8, 4)
  availability_zone = data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[1]
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-nated-subnet-${data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[1]}"
  }
}
resource "aws_subnet" "nated_3" {
  vpc_id     = aws_vpc.demo.id
  cidr_block = cidrsubnet(aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block, 8, 5)
  availability_zone = data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[2]
  tags = {
    Name = "${local.common_prefix}-nated-subnet-${data.aws_availability_zones.available.names[2]}"
  }
}
resource "aws_eip" "nat_gw_eip_1" {
  vpc = true
}
resource "aws_eip" "nat_gw_eip_2" {
  vpc = true
}
resource "aws_eip" "nat_gw_eip_3" {
  vpc = true
}
resource "aws_nat_gateway" "gw_1" {
  allocation_id = aws_eip.nat_gw_eip_1.id
  subnet_id     = aws_subnet.public_1.id
}
resource "aws_nat_gateway" "gw_2" {
  allocation_id = aws_eip.nat_gw_eip_2.id
  subnet_id     = aws_subnet.public_2.id
}
resource "aws_nat_gateway" "gw_3" {
  allocation_id = aws_eip.nat_gw_eip_3.id
  subnet_id     = aws_subnet.public_3.id
}
resource "aws_route_table" "nated_1" {
    vpc_id = aws_vpc.demo.id
    route {
        cidr_block = "0.0.0.0/0"
        nat_gateway_id = aws_nat_gateway.gw_1.id
    }
    tags = {
        Name = "${local.common_prefix}-nated-rt-1"
    }
}
resource "aws_route_table" "nated_2" {
    vpc_id = aws_vpc.demo.id
    route {
        cidr_block = "0.0.0.0/0"
        nat_gateway_id = aws_nat_gateway.gw_2.id
    }
    tags = {
        Name = "${local.common_prefix}-nated-rt-2"
    }
}
resource "aws_route_table" "nated_3" {
    vpc_id = aws_vpc.demo.id
    route {
        cidr_block = "0.0.0.0/0"
        nat_gateway_id = aws_nat_gateway.gw_3.id
    }
    tags = {
        Name = "${local.common_prefix}-nated-rt-3"
    }
}
resource "aws_route_table_association" "nated_1" {
    subnet_id = aws_subnet.nated_1.id
    route_table_id = aws_route_table.nated_1.id
}
resource "aws_route_table_association" "nated_2" {
    subnet_id = aws_subnet.nated_2.id
    route_table_id = aws_route_table.nated_2.id
}

ElasticSearch Cluster

Finally, we can deploy ElasticSearch configuration.

resource "aws_security_group" "es" {
  name = "${local.common_prefix}-es-sg"
  description = "Allow inbound traffic to ElasticSearch from VPC CIDR"
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.demo.id
  ingress {
      from_port = 0
      to_port = 0
      protocol = "-1"
      cidr_blocks = [
          aws_vpc.demo.cidr_block
      ]
  }
}
resource "aws_iam_service_linked_role" "es" {
  aws_service_name = "es.amazonaws.com"
}
resource "aws_elasticsearch_domain" "es" {
  domain_name = local.elk_domain
  elasticsearch_version = "7.7"
  cluster_config {
      instance_count = 3
      instance_type = "r5.large.elasticsearch"
      zone_awareness_enabled = true
      zone_awareness_config {
        availability_zone_count = 3
      }
  }
  vpc_options {
      subnet_ids = [
        aws_subnet.nated_1.id,
        aws_subnet.nated_2.id,
        aws_subnet.nated_3.id
      ]
      security_group_ids = [
          aws_security_group.es.id
      ]
  }
  ebs_options {
      ebs_enabled = true
      volume_size = 10
  }
  access_policies = <<CONFIG
{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
      {
          "Action": "es:*",
          "Principal": "*",
          "Effect": "Allow",
          "Resource": "arn:aws:es:${data.aws_region.current.name}:${data.aws_caller_identity.current.account_id}:domain/${local.elk_domain}/*"
      }
  ]
}
  CONFIG
  snapshot_options {
      automated_snapshot_start_hour = 23
  }
  tags = {
      Domain = local.elk_domain
  }
}
output "elk_endpoint" {
  value = aws_elasticsearch_domain.es.endpoint
}
output "elk_kibana_endpoint" {
  value = aws_elasticsearch_domain.es.kibana_endpoint
}

This Terraform configuration includes

  • Security Group to allow connections to ElasticSearch from our VPC.
  • Required Elasticsearch Service-Linked Role.
  • ElasticSearch cluster.
  • A couple of output variables with links to the cluster of Amazon Elasticsearch service endpoints.

Summary

This article covered AWS services on how to create high-available AWS ElasticSearch cluster deployment from the AWS CloudFormation template in the VPC across 3 Availability Zones using Terraform as an automation tool.

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