Top Frameworks For Serverless Applications Development

Are you eager to learn and use Serverless technology and its frameworks? “Now” is always a good time. In this article, we’ll provide a review of the most popular ones. And we hope, you’ll be able to pick the most suitable framework for your needs.

During the last couple of years, Serverless computing has gained massive popularity. People started to fall in love with the concept of creating more by managing less. For most organizations, Serverless technology is still considered new. But more and more companies are investing their time and effort into this idea.

Frameworks for creating Serverless Apps

There are several frameworks available today, and each comes with its unique features. If you are keen on starting a new project but not sure of which framework to engage, then below are the best Serverless frameworks to consider!

Apex Up

The Up framework helps you deploy infinitely scalable applications within seconds. It gives you the flexibility to work on what truly matters to you.

This serverless framework focuses on the deployment of static websites and API gateways. You can build your web applications with your favorite frameworks, like Koa and Express. No need to learn new languages. The Up framework supports Crystal, Java, Python, and many other runtimes.

Pros of Apex Up

  • Features AWS integration
  • Powerful Uptime Monitoring
  • And 18 more on their website

Apache OpenWhisk

The Apache OpenWhisk is a distributed Serverless platform that implements functions as a response to events at scale. This open-source framework allows you to build your own Serverless infrastructure. It helps you to manage your Serverless infrastructure at scale using Docker containers. You’re increasing efficiency and focus on your applications.

The OpenWhisk event established its own terminology. You as a developer is creating your functions, which called Actions). You may choose almost any language including Rust! And the framework will run your functions in response to events via Triggers.

Pros of Apache OpenWhisk

  • Easy integration with popular services via Packages.
  • Runs on top of your infrastructure and scales per-request
  • Works in Kubernetes

AWS Amplify Framework

The Amplify Framework is a solution designed for creating cloud-enabled mobile and web apps, comprising of interactive CLI toolchain, libraries, and UI components.

This framework focused on front-end and mobile developers who create Serverless cloud-based applications. It delivers a declarative interface alongside easy CLI management for most operation types in building your app. As this is the AWS framework it integrates well with all AWS cloud services.

Pros of AWS Amplify

  • An easier and faster way to build cloud-connected, full-stack mobile and web applications
  • No need to manage infrastructure and hosting – leverage services like AWS Lambda and AppSync
  • Native integration with AWS services
  • Supperts GraphQL - an open-source data query and manipulation language for APIs,

Claudia.js

The Claudia.js framework provides developers a relaxed approach to deploy Node.js-based projects to API gateway and AWS Lambda.

The framework automates all configuration and deployment tasks. It also set up everything that you would expect as a JavaScript developer out of the box. Claudia.js promises, that you can start quick Lambda function development with a focus on your business problems first.

Pros of Claudia.js

  • Promises to free you from learning Swagger
  • Deploy, manage, and update using simple commands
  • Removes boilerplate stuff
  • Small learning curve

Middy

Middy offers a middleware engine that allows you to simplify your AWS Lambda code written in Node.js.

The framework aims to solve the problem of input parsing and validation, output serialization and error handling. The main idea is to move this stuff to a separate independent modules. So, Middy developers fighting for clean, readable, and easy to maintain business logic.

Pros of Middy

  • Ability to maintain clean and structured code

Nuclio

Nuclio is an open-source Serverless platform that automates the deployment of data-science apps and minimizes their development and maintenance overhead.

The platform is a high-performance framework focused on data, I/O, and compute-intensive workloads. Nuclio is useful in the following ML pipeline tasks:

  • Data collectors, ETL, stream processing
  • Data preparation and analysis
  • Hyperparameter model training
  • Real-time model serving
  • Feature vector assembly (real-time data preparation)

Pros of Nuclio

  • Supports Kubernetes - you can deploy it on every cloud platform
  • Supports languages like Go, Java, .NET Core, NodeJS, and Python
  • Support CPU and GPU workloads

Pulumi

The Pulumi is an open-source framework that helps you create, deploy, and manage cloud-based applications. It is very interesting how Pulumi compares itself with other infrastructure management tools.

Instead of YAML or domain-specific language, Pulumi leverages existing programming languages, their native tools, and libraries. Right now it supports TypeScript, JavaScript, Python, Go, and .NET.

Pulumi can simplify infrastructure management tasks for AWS, Azure, GCP, and Kubernetes. It allows you to simplify Lambda functions deployment and management as well.

Pros of Pulumi

  • Support multiple cloud providers and Kubernetes
  • Low learrning bar - only 5 minutes needed to get started with every Cloud platform
  • Pulumi CrossGuard gives you security, compliance and cost controls for your organization’s cloud governance

Ruby on Jets

If you love Ruby, then you definitely need to try Ruby on Jets. This Framework lets you build, create, and deploy your applications in this awesome language.

Ruby on Jets comprises all the essential tools needed to help you create apps using AWS Lambda, SNS, SQS, DynamoDB and other services.

Pros of Ruby on Jets

Serverless Framework

Well, those guys got lucky with the domain name Serverless.com!

And I intentionally put this framework closer to the bottom.

Serverless Framework is very popular choice for creating cloud-based apps. Right now its developers focusing on the following use-cases:

  • Auto-scaling Websites and APIs
  • Event streaming
  • Image and Video Manipulation
  • Processing Events and SaaS
  • Hybrid Cloud Applications
  • Multi-language Applications
  • Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

Pros of Serverless

  • Extensive documentation
  • Support for Azure Functions, AWS Lambda, Cloud Functions
  • Support for Multi-language like C#, Java, Go, NodeJS, Python, Scala

SLAppForge Sigma

The SLAppForge Sigma platform offers a cloud-based environment created to support Serverless Development ideas. The IDE provided by SLAppForge comes with features like IDE, monitoring and, debugging solutions. Sigma IDE lets you write and publish your codes in real-time.

TSigma IDE operates entirely in your browser. I’m not a big fan of any click-click-click web-based solutions, but some people may find it very useful. Right now Sigma also offers full supports for modern Serverless projects in AWS and GCP (Azure coming soon).

Most interesting features of the project:

  • Version Control System integrations
  • Project Builds
  • Project Deployments
  • Viewing Function Logs
  • Testing your Function
  • Managing your Project Dependencies
  • Managing and Customizing Function Permissions
  • Managing your Function Configurations
  • Pros of SLAppForge Sigma

Pros of SLAppForge Sigma

  • Completely browser-based
  • Incremental deployments
  • Integration with lots of AWS services
  • Near-zero configurations
  • Rich support for NodeJS
  • Super-fast testing

Zappa

For fans of Python and Flask I can not mention Zeappa Framework. It makes it super easy to build and deploy serverless, event-driven Python applications using AWS Lambda + API Gateway.

Basically you need only 3 commands to be able to deploy Zappa project: install, init and deploy. That’s it. This Framework supports rollbacks, scheduling, logs tailing, remote function invocation, SSL certificates for custom domains and much more.

Pros of Zappa

  • You’re Python and Flask guru
  • You’re very strong technically

Conclusion

There’re so many amazing Serverless frameworks nowadays! Most of them will help you to start up a project in a quick time. But they are not easily comparable as they tend to be designed to cater for defined tasks. Having some requirements in place can help to choose a suitable framework for your project.

The final focus is certainly on the user experience. Some frameworks can help you get the whole process running in no time. While others may need the addition of out-of-the-box tools.

I hope, this article will help you to choose the one which suits your needs. Meanwhile, I wish you yo enjoy the endless possibilities of a Serverless world.

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Authors


Author avatar
Andrei Maksimov

I’m a passionate Cloud Infrastructure Architect with more than 15 years of experience in IT.

Let’s discuss your AWS questions if you still have them.

This post represents my personal experience and opinion about the topic.