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Are you eager to learn and use Serverless technology and its frameworks? “Now” is always a good time. In this article, we’ll provide a review of the most popular ones. And we hope you’ll be able to pick the most suitable framework for your needs.
During the last couple of years, Serverless computing has gained massive popularity. People started to fall in love with creating more by managing less. For most organizations, Serverless technology is still considered new. But more and more companies are investing their time and effort into this idea.
Frameworks for creating Serverless Apps
Several frameworks are available today, and each has unique features. If you are keen on starting a new project but not sure which framework to engage with, below are the best Serverless frameworks to consider!
The Up framework helps you deploy infinitely scalable applications within seconds. It gives you the flexibility to work on what truly matters to you.
This serverless framework focuses on the deployment of static websites and API gateways. You can build your web applications with your favorite frameworks, like Koa and Express. No need to learn new languages. The Up framework supports Crystal, Java, Python, and many other runtimes.
Pros of Apex Up
- Features AWS integration.
- Powerful Uptime Monitoring.
- And 18 more on their website.
The Apache OpenWhisk is a distributed Serverless platform that implements functions as a response to events at scale. This open-source framework allows you to build your own Serverless infrastructure. It helps you to manage your Serverless infrastructure at scale using Docker containers. You’re increasing efficiency and focus on your applications.
The OpenWhisk event established its terminology. As a developer, you create your functions, which are called Actions). You may choose almost any language, including Rust! And the framework will run your functions in response to events via Triggers.
Pros of Apache OpenWhisk
- Easy integration with popular services via Packages.
- Runs on top of your infrastructure and scales per request.
- Works in Kubernetes.
AWS Amplify Framework
The Amplify Framework is a solution designed for creating cloud-enabled mobile and web apps comprising interactive CLI toolchains, libraries, and UI components.
This framework focuses on front-end and mobile developers who create Serverless cloud-based applications. It delivers a declarative interface alongside easy CLI management for most operation types in building your app. As this is the AWS framework, it integrates well with all AWS cloud services.
Pros of AWS Amplify
- An easier and faster way to build cloud-connected, full-stack mobile and web applications.
- No need to manage infrastructure and hosting – leverage services like AWS Lambda and AppSync.
- Native integration with AWS services.
- Supports GraphQL – an open-source data query and manipulation language for APIs.
The Claudia.js framework provides developers a relaxed approach to deploying Node.js-based projects to API gateway and AWS Lambda.
Pros of Claudia.js
- Promises to free you from learning Swagger.
- Deploy, manage, and update using simple commands.
- Removes boilerplate stuff.
- Small learning curve.
Middy offers a middleware engine that allows you to simplify your AWS Lambda code written in Node.js.
The framework aims to solve the problem of input parsing and validation, output serialization, and error handling. The main idea is to move this stuff to separate independent modules. So, Middy developers are fighting for clean, readable, and easy-to-maintain business logic.
Pros of Middy
- Ability to maintain clean and structured code.
Nuclio is an open-source Serverless platform that automates the deployment of data-science apps and minimizes their development and maintenance overhead.
The platform is a high-performance framework focused on data, I/O, and compute-intensive workloads. Nuclio is useful in the following ML pipeline tasks:
- Data collectors, ETL, stream processing.
- Data preparation and analysis.
- Hyperparameter model training.
- Real-time model serving.
- Feature vector assembly (real-time data preparation).
Pros of Nuclio
- Supports Kubernetes – you can deploy it on every cloud platform.
- Supports languages like Go, Java, .NET Core, NodeJS, and Python.
- Support CPU and GPU workloads.
The Pulumi is an open-source framework that helps you create, deploy, and manage cloud-based applications. It is very interesting how Pulumi compares itself with other infrastructure management tools.
Pulumi can simplify infrastructure management tasks for AWS, Azure, GCP, and Kubernetes. It allows you to simplify Lambda functions deployment and management as well.
Pros of Pulumi
- Support multiple cloud providers and Kubernetes.
- Low learrning bar – only 5 minutes needed to get started with every Cloud platform.
- Pulumi CrossGuard gives you security, compliance and cost controls for your organization’s cloud governance.
Ruby on Jets
If you love Ruby, then you definitely need to try Ruby on Jets. This Framework lets you build, create, and deploy your applications in this awesome language.
Ruby on Jets comprises all the essential tools needed to help you create apps using AWS Lambda, SNS, SQS, DynamoDB and other services.
Pros of Ruby on Jets
- Prewarming Support and Custom Associated Resources.
- Focuses on AWS Lambda functions written in Ruby.
- Extensive technical documentation with lots of examples.
Well, those guys got lucky with the domain name Serverless.com!
And I intentionally put this framework closer to the bottom.
- Auto-scaling Websites and APIs.
- Event streaming.
- Image and Video Manipulation.
- Processing Events and SaaS.
- Hybrid Cloud Applications.
- Multi-language Applications.
- Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD).
Pros of Serverless
- Extensive documentation.
- Support for Azure Functions, AWS Lambda, Cloud Functions.
- Support for Multi-language like C#, Java, Go, NodeJS, Python, Scala.
The SLAppForge Sigma platform offers a cloud-based environment created to support Serverless Development ideas. The IDE provided by SLAppForge comes with features like IDE, monitoring and, debugging solutions. Sigma IDE lets you write and publish your codes in real-time.
TSigma IDE operates entirely in your browser. I’m not a big fan of any click-click-click web-based solutions, but some people may find it very useful. Right now Sigma also offers full supports for modern Serverless projects in AWS and GCP (Azure coming soon).
Most interesting features of the project:
- Version Control System integrations.
- Project Builds.
- Project Deployments.
- Viewing Function Logs.
- Testing your Function.
- Managing your Project Dependencies.
- Managing and Customizing Function Permissions.
- Managing your Function Configurations.
- Pros of SLAppForge Sigma.
Pros of SLAppForge Sigma
- Completely browser-based.
- Incremental deployments.
- Integration with lots of AWS services.
- Near-zero configurations.
- Rich support for NodeJS.
- Super-fast testing.
For fans of Python and Flask, I can not mention Zeappa Framework. It is easy to build and deploy serverless, event-driven Python applications using AWS Lambda + API Gateway.
You need only three commands to be able to deploy the Zappa project: install, init and deploy. That’s it. This Framework supports rollbacks, scheduling, logs tailing, remote function invocation, SSL certificates for custom domains, and more.
Pros of Zappa
- You’re Python and Flask guru.
- You’re very strong technically.
There’re so many amazing Serverless frameworks nowadays! Most of them will help you to start up a project in a quick time. But they are not easily comparable as they tend to be designed to cater to defined tasks. Having some requirements in place can help to choose a suitable framework for your project.
The final focus is certainly on the user experience. Some frameworks can help you get the whole process running in no time. While others may need the addition of out-of-the-box tools.
I hope this article will help you choose the one that suits your needs. Meanwhile, I wish you to enjoy the endless possibilities of a Serverless world.
If you found this article useful, please, help to spread it to the world!
I’m a passionate Cloud Infrastructure Architect with more than 15 years of experience in IT.
Any of my posts represent my personal experience and opinion about the topic.